Updated: 3 days ago
I'm writing all this down for the next server I buy so I have a bit of a recipe to use and don't have to figure out some of this stuff from scratch all over again.
First of all, I'm not a fan of this NetworkManager bullshit. Maybe it's just because I'm an old-school BSD guy and I liked /etc/rc.local, but I find the older interfaces file in Ubuntu much easier to create and much less mysterious to troubleshoot.
Install /etc/network/interfaces functionality with the ifupdown package.
# apt install ifupdown
If you've got multiple ethernet interfaces of the same speed to plug into the switch (almost always do), using 802.3ad bonding is an easy way to combine them all into a single interface. You can even span them across multiple switches for redundancy.
# apt install ifenslave # modprobe bonding
Edit /etc/network/interfaces to suit your particular config. For example, replace eno1, eno2, etc. with the physical interfaces in your server (might be enps0f0 and enps0f1, for example). Also, this should be obvious, but set the IP addresses per your local network. You may need to do some switch-side work to support this, such as configure a port-channel for the group of ports you'll be plugging the server into.
# interfaces(5) file used by ifup(8) and ifdown(8) # Include files from /etc/network/interfaces.d: source-directory /etc/network/interfaces.d auto lo iface lo inet loopback auto eno1 iface eno1 inet manual bond-master bond0 bond-primary eno1 auto eno2 iface eno2 inet manual bond-master bond0 auto eno3 iface eno3 inet manual bond-master bond0 auto eno4 iface eno4 inet manual bond-master bond0 auto bond0 iface bond0 inet manual slaves eno1 eno2 eno3 eno4 bond_mode 4 bond-miimon 100 bond_downdelay 0 bond_updelay 0 auto br0 iface br0 inet static address 192.168.86.14 netmask 255.255.255.0 gateway 192.168.86.1 bridge_ports bond0 iface br0 inet6 static address 2001:470:416b::14/64 gateway 2001:470:416b::1
Turn off NetworkManager
Now that we are all set up, let's toss that old Netplan/NetworkManager service in the garbage
# systemctl stop NetworkManager.service # systemctl disable NetworkManager.service
...and just because I miss ifconfig
# apt install net-tools
We're going to set up a bridge for our virtual machines because they are servers and I want to reach them from other devices...and bridges seem to work more consistently and reliably than macvtap/SR-IOV (could be a personal problem, but just my experience)
# apt install bridge-utils
Set our nameservers:
edit /etc/systemd/stub-resolved.conf (honestly, I am not sure this is working properly yet. I'll have to revisit this later).
# This file is part of systemd. # # systemd is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it # under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by # the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or # (at your option) any later version. # # Entries in this file show the compile time defaults. # You can change settings by editing this file. # Defaults can be restored by simply deleting this file. # # See resolved.conf(5) for details [Resolve] DNS=192.168.86.2 FallbackDNS=192.168.86.4 Domains=siegelgrouplabs.net #LLMNR=no #MulticastDNS=no #DNSSEC=no #DNSOverTLS=no #Cache=no-negative #DNSStubListener=yes #ReadEtcHosts=yes
Why? No particular reason, it's just nice to have in case you suck at labeling what's plugged into which ports on your switch.
# apt install lldpd # systemctl enable lldpd # systemctl start lldpd
Reboot to make sure everything is cool up to this point
If it's not, it's probably because you made a typo, or in my case, 6 or 7 typos. Debug, fix and reboot. Keep fixing and rebooting until everything is perfect because once this server is prepped and installed in the rack you don't want to have to go sit in front of it later to fix a problem you missed due to your own impatience.
I think qemu-kvm might already installed at this point, but I do like a GUI interface for setting up new VM's. I know there are others, but this one works fine.
# apt install virt-manager
Everything is ready now, so launch virt-manager and start creating VM's. You now have a nice, vanilla base install for doing whatever it is you have planned for this puppy.